- A recreational area dedicated to skateboarders.
A skatepark is a purpose-built recreation
al environment for
riders and aggressive
to ride and develop their sport and technique. A
skatepark may contain half-pipe
es, vert ramp
pyramids, banked ramps, full pipes, stairs
, and any number of other
Skateparks may be privately owned or publicly
owned. Privately owned skateparks usually have admission fees,
while publicly owned skateparks generally charge no entrance fee.
Many privately owned skateparks are indoors, usually in warehouses,
roller rinks or buildings with tall ceilings, especially in areas
of the world with snowy winters. Public skateparks are almost
Concrete parks, now "pretty much the industry
standard", according to an editor of Transworld Skateboarding
magazine, can cost three times as much to build as parks with ramps
and wooden obstacles, but in the long run they require fewer
repairs and little maintenance.
Skateparks first emerged in the 1970s, and were
primarily private, for-profit endeavors, although several public
parks were built all over the world. Parks of that time included
pools, bowls, snake runs, freestyle areas, banked slalom areas,
half-pipes, and full pipes. Most were built of concrete and were
located outdoors, although in more extreme climates indoor parks
were built, this parks, were, often made of wood.
None of the private parks of the 1970s remain,
with the notable exception of Kona Skatepark in Jacksonville,
Florida, United States. Many of that country's public parks remain,
such as Derby Park in Santa Cruz, California. Most of the parks of
that era were poorly designed and built by "get-rich-quick"
business people who wanted to make money from skateboarding. The
best parks, such as Upland,
's Pipeline, designed by skateboarders and carefully
built, survived well into the 80's, until they were overrun by
escalating land values that made their survival less profitable
than if their sites were to be turned into shopping centers or
condominiums. Outrageous liability insurance premiums made possible
by the fears of enormous lawsuits also were a contributing factor
in the decline of the original skateparks.
Modern skatepark design can be traced back to
1990, with the commencement of the Burnside
, a DIY
"barge build" sited
underneath one end of the Burnside
, in Portland, Oregon. Skateboarders took an area that
was populated primarily by what the city would call "undesirable
elements" and created a skatepark there, slowly building one
section at a time. That process came to be known as "design/build"
(D/B), and is characteristic of nearly all the best skateparks in
existence today. The design/build process makes sure that adjacent
skatepark features are harmonious and rideable, allowing
skateboarders to create endless "lines" to ride among the many
elements extant in the design.
The modern public skatepark is a relatively new
creation, made possible by legislation, such as California's 1998
law stating that skateboarding is an inherently "Hazardous
Recreational Activity" (HRA), and therefore municipalities and
their employees may not be held liable for claims of negligence
resulting in skateboarders' injuries. Usually for persons 14 or
In recent years, estimates have it that a new
skatepark opens somewhere every three days.
ControversyWith its history of fringe social acceptance,
skateboarders have only recently gained significant legitimacy.
Still, there is no shortage of controversy surrounding
Many urban areas face widespread property damage
caused by skateboarding and some have addressed the problem by
creating skateparks. However, the design and materials used often
leads to heated discussions within the skateboarding
Notable skateparks around the world
Hills Skate Park - Auburn
Hills, MI - a small skate park with an overwhelming number of
Alamosa Skatepark Environment (aka West Side Skatepark) located
New Mexico is a one of a kind public park that opened in 2007
and was designed by Artifex Skatepark
Environments. The parkscape draws inspiration from
Albuquerque's world renown arroyo system as well as site specific
elements in the city that are now off-limits to skating and BMX.
Various elements are incorporated in a cohesive site plan, some of
the distinctive features include; the real-street arroyo segment, a
brick central plaza, session-specific sculptural elements,
integration of green space landscaping throughout and natural
stadium seatng, colored concrete, and the world's first skylit 3/4
- SMP Skatepark
Shanghai - Shanghai, China - The world's biggest skatepark
designed by Convic skateparks
runs over 150 m in length and in places up to 85 m wide, totalling
over 13700 sq/m (over 147,000 square ft) of permanent ridable
terrain. The park opened in October 2005 and has an annual Shanghai
Showdown competition each year which attracts some of the best
professional skaters, inline and BMXers from around the world.
Skatepark - South London, UK
Extreme Park - Louisville,
Skatepark, Scotland. Created at the end of the 1970s, 'Livi' was
the first of a new generation of concrete parks. The brainchild of
Urquhart the chief architect for the local council and the
chairman of the Scottish Skateboard Association, Urquhart managed
to gain funding for the park by creating a multi-sport complex
comprising of a fitness trail, climbing wall, kayak launching area
and the skatepark. Having been to California and seen the parks
there, Urquhart was able to create a revolutionary facility.
Comprising a half pipe with flat bottom, a large banked area and a
double bowl, the 'Rock and Roll' (because of the climbing wall and
park) has outlasted its creator, who died shortly after its
opening. It has been extended and coping added to the pool.
- Paris Skatepark is a skateboarding and inline skatepark,
located behind the Syl App's Arena in Paris,
Ontario, Canada. The Paris
skate park was hastily constructed in August of 1998, largely
because of continuing antagonisms between local skateboarders, the
Paris Police, and private property owners who had expressed
numerous liability concerns. The Paris Skatepark is approximately
5000 square feet (470 m²) of asphalt terrain, and is complemented
with both steel and wooden ramps. A large tree provides shade for
the southern portion of the park during the day.
- Missoula Skatepark - The Missoula Skatepark Association (MSA)
is a 501(c)(3) tax exempt US organization of local skateboarders in
Missoula, Montana who are in the process of building free,
concrete, public skateparks in the Missoula area. The MSA is
committed to constructing safe and positive places where skaters of
all ages can build confidence and self worth. Phase 1 of the first
MSA skatepark began construction on March 6, 2006.
The grand opening was held September
Skatepark - Philadelphia,
Club Skatepark Environment - Black River Falls, Wisconsin is a
9,500 sq.ft. hybrid skatepark built in 2006 creatively integrating
a skate plaza, bowled entrance trail and utilizes color
pigmentation and rock landscaping derived from the actual Black
River. It is a free use public facility and socially inviting to
viewers and riders alike. This skatepark was designed by ARTIFEX Skatepark Environments.
Plaza A skatepark design concept that focuses on creating an
urban space that also supports skateboarding. Strong examples
include the world's first skateplaza; the Vancouver Skate Plaza -
which was completed in October 2004 by vdz & Associates Inc. - which was
followed by the UK's Milton Keynes Plaza (Designed by ex-Blueprint Skateboards
Selley) in March 2005 and then Ohio's DC plaza opening shortly
after in June 2005 in Rob Dyrdek's
hometown of Kettering,
Ohio. The UK's Stoke
Plaza (Which was design assisted by the
United kingdom skateboarding association) opened for sessions
in August 2005 (Although officially in October) and Prissick Plaza in November
after two years of planning and development.
Millennium Skatepark- One the world's largest outdoor
skateparks, designed by Spectrum Skateparks with Landplan
Plaza at The Forks- Covering a total area of over , This park
consists of a 30,000 square foot skate plaza and an bowl complex.
This park was designed by van der Zalm + associates inc. with New
Line and opened on June 30, 2006.
- Cairns Skatepark, Australia - The park designed and constructed
by Convic Skateparksin Dec
2006. The park features two bowls and multiple skateable pathways
and has already received several awards and rave reviews including
a position on the "7 Wonders of the World" list in the new
Australian Skatepark Guide. Integrated landscape, shelters,
lighting, an amenities block and the use of coloured concrete to
highlight pathways throughout the park all contribute to the
overall effect and success of the park.
Wave Country - Nashville's first
- Green Skate Lab is
the only concrete park in Washington, DC and features a huge bowl
built by local skaters using recycled tires salvaged from illegal
dump sites around the Anacostia River, recycled steel rebar
remnants, and recycled pool coping from hotel demolition sites.
- Mei Foo Skatepark is the biggest skate park in Hong Kong. It
was already built in 2003 by American Ramp Company, but
it was only after a petition from local skaters that the park
- Pioneer Skatepark St Albans UK is UK's oldest indoor skatepark.
It has 8 indoor ramps and an outdoor mini.
- The No Name Skatepark Greenville, South Carolina. Opened
May 9, 2006
witnessed much success being the second largest skatepark on the
east coast, over of indoor skate and BMX space and featuring
outdoor BMX dirt jumps.
- Cherry Hill
Cherry Hill Township, New Jersey
- The Black Pearl Skate Park Grand Cayman, Cayman Island. Largest
outdoor concrete park in the world.
skatepark in Bulgarian: Скейт парк
skatepark in German: Skatepark
skatepark in Spanish: Skatepark
skatepark in French: Skatepark
skatepark in Hebrew: סקייטפארק
skatepark in Italian: Skatepark
skatepark in Japanese: スケートパーク
skatepark in Polish: Skatepark
skatepark in Slovenian: Poligon za
skatepark in Turkish: Kaykay